Rice, pulses, and millets are the three most important sources of food in the world and account for more than one-half of all food in Asia. Pulses and rice provide with a broad spectrum of essential amino acids that are not found in other cereal grains. Millet is a rich source of proteins and minerals such as iron, zinc, copper etc.
Rava, commonly known as semolina or suji, is a granular variant of maida. Rava, like maida, is made from coarsely ground wheat endosperm that is free of bran and germ. Idlis, uthpam, upma, halwa, and laddus are all made with Rava. In terms of nutritional value, Rava is identical to maida flour. In several Indian recipes, the item is utilised as a batter ingredient.
Horse gram is a type of legume native to Southeast Asia. It’s enjoyed in a variety of recipes and used medicinally to treat several conditions. Horse gram has been associated with several health benefits, including promoting heart health and weight loss. Horse gram is a great source of many key nutrients. Like other legumes, it’s especially high in protein and fiber, both of which may support healthy blood sugar levels and decrease appetite. It also contains a variety of other essential vitamins and minerals, including iron, phosphorus, and vitamin C. Meanwhile, phosphorus is a crucial component of bones and teeth and necessary for energy production and muscle function.
White Channa (White Mukkadalai/Chickpeas) contain a moderate amount of calories and several vitamins and minerals. They’re also a good source of fiber and protein. It serves as a good source of minerals such as manganese, magnesium, zinc, iron, copper and vitamins such as thiamine and vitamin B6 . Alike other legumes, chickpeas provide the body with a slow and gradual release of energy over an extended period and thereby help in stabilizing the blood sugar levels.
Pachai Payir (Green gram), also known as mung beans or moong, is a rich source of fiber and is fat-free. Due to high fiber content, they are filling and extremely healthy. Some of the sprouted green gram benefits include improving eyesight, enhancing bone and heart health as well as enhancing the immune system. This small, green legume can improve your digestion, reduce cholesterol levels and boost immune function.
“Urad Dal,” are pulses that, although commonly called lentils, are actually related to cowpeas and mung beans. They originated in India, where they are still an important culinary ingredient, used in popular dishes such as dal makhani, dosa and papadum. It is rich in protein, fat and carbohydrates, urad dal is brimming with many health benefits. Urad dal is very nutritious and is also used in ayurvedic medicines.
Thuvaram Paruppu (Toor dal) is a rich source of protein, carbohydrates and fiber. This humble pulse facilitates to meet your daily demands of iron and calcium. Besides these, toor dal is an incredible source of folic acids which is essential for fetal growth and prevents the birth defects of the new-born. They’re also known as Pigeon Peas. It is beige in colour, with a yellow interior part. It is often prepared with onions, tomatoes and rich spices and served with rice.
Double beans is a legume from the Fabaceae or Leguminosae family. Grown for its edible seeds, it is also known as the lima bean, butter bean or sieva bean and the origin of this vegetable dates back to the Andean and Mesoamerican times. Double Beans are high in protein, iron, dietary fiber and other nutrients. They are great for vegetarians and vegans looking for low fat, protein rich food. You can prepare a variety of dishes using double beans like sambar, double beans pulao, kurma, curry, sundal etc.
Mocahai Payarau (Lima beans) are some of the most common legumes that are consumed all over the world. The beans are actually the seeds of this plant, but their large size and dense nutrient profile make them an excellent sustenance crop. The larger varieties of these beans are typically lima beans, while smaller-seeded varieties are sieva beans, but they are actually the same species. Lima beans are delicious and versatile legume that may have a number of important health benefits, which may include its potential ability to improve digestion, boost heart health, positively impact energy levels, aid circulation, stimulate growth and repair, defend against chronic illness, and protect against diabetes.
White Karamani (Thattaipayir/Lobia White) is an extremely delicious, nutritious, and protein packed dish. These are high in fiber, soluble fiber, complex protein, iron, carbohydrates, and folate. They are well known for their consistency and their ability to absorb tastes. There is good evidence that they can help reduce blood sugar, improve cholesterol levels and help maintain a healthy gut.